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  • Question

  • HI:  I 'm gong buy a new hard drive for my Dell Latitude D 400, and I already had my windows Xp install on the computer, I wonder if I can use the same key in this new hard drive.
    • Split by Stephen Holm Monday, August 4, 2008 6:24 PM New Thread
    Saturday, August 2, 2008 6:34 PM

Answers

  • Javbuff2008,

    Thank you for visiting the Microsoft Genuine Advantage Forum.  The purpose of this forum is the support of Windows Genuine Advantage (WGA) program.  Your question is off topic as well as outside my area of knowledge. I would like to provide some information which may help. There are two types of licenses for XP that consumers will encounter, retail (aka full packaged product), and OEM (original equipment manufacturer).

    Retail licenses may be moved from one computer to another, as long as the license is activated on one computer at a time and as long as the previous installation of the license is removed from the previously licensed computer.

    OEM licenses for XP are tied to the first computer onto which they are installed and the license is not permitted to be moved on any other computer.  For the purposes of defining what a computer is, since a computer is really just a collection of parts, Microsoft has established that the motherboard is the base or "defining" component, and the OEM license is permanently tied to the motherboard.

    There is one exception, the case of a defective motherboard.  If a motherboard becomes defective, you are of course permitted to change it and reinstall your OEM XP license to it.  For reasons stated below, if at all possible, you should replace it with an identical board or the manufacturer's designated replacement.

    The details become sticky when the license was obtained thru a major manufacturer that uses SLP technology, which sets the recovery or repair CD to look for certain bits in the BIOS of the official manufacturer's motherboards.  If such bits are not found, as they would not be if you replaced the defective board with one not from the original computer manufacturer, then the CD will refuse to install XP.  The correct thing to do in these cases is to install XP using a genuine system builder/OEM MS XP CDROM, which does not have the SLP technology.  However, when installing, be sure to use the Product Key on the Certificate of Authenticity affixed to the computer, and NOT the Product Key that came with the CD. (Note that retail and Volume License CDs will NOT accept OEM product keys, returning an "invalid product key" error.)  Finally, when installation is complete, do a Telephonic Activation because the OEM PK on the COA will not be accepted by the automated online activation system.  If the automated telephone system also refuses activation, choose the option to speak with an activation rep and explain that you are replacing a defective motherboard and cannot use the manufacturer-supplied recovery CDs.

    One does not "lose their license" for XP if the motherboard becomes defective and has to be replaced.  If the computer owner chooses to use, or because of availability is forced to use, a board that is not a direct or identical replacement, there has to be a mechanism to accommodate these circumstances, and that is why a telephonic activation is authorized.

    Note that if the computer owner decides to replace the motherboard for performance reasons or to add features or new technology, the defective exception is NOT applicable and a new license for XP is required to be purchased."  a clean installation destroys all data on the hard disk, be sure to back up any valuable email, pix, docs, music, etc that you cannot afford to lose.



    Thank you,

    Stephen Holm, MS


    Stephen Holm
    • Marked as answer by Stephen Holm Monday, August 4, 2008 7:19 PM
    Monday, August 4, 2008 7:19 PM

All replies

  • Javbuff2008,

    Thank you for visiting the Microsoft Genuine Advantage Forum.  The purpose of this forum is the support of Windows Genuine Advantage (WGA) program.  Your question is off topic as well as outside my area of knowledge. I would like to provide some information which may help. There are two types of licenses for XP that consumers will encounter, retail (aka full packaged product), and OEM (original equipment manufacturer).

    Retail licenses may be moved from one computer to another, as long as the license is activated on one computer at a time and as long as the previous installation of the license is removed from the previously licensed computer.

    OEM licenses for XP are tied to the first computer onto which they are installed and the license is not permitted to be moved on any other computer.  For the purposes of defining what a computer is, since a computer is really just a collection of parts, Microsoft has established that the motherboard is the base or "defining" component, and the OEM license is permanently tied to the motherboard.

    There is one exception, the case of a defective motherboard.  If a motherboard becomes defective, you are of course permitted to change it and reinstall your OEM XP license to it.  For reasons stated below, if at all possible, you should replace it with an identical board or the manufacturer's designated replacement.

    The details become sticky when the license was obtained thru a major manufacturer that uses SLP technology, which sets the recovery or repair CD to look for certain bits in the BIOS of the official manufacturer's motherboards.  If such bits are not found, as they would not be if you replaced the defective board with one not from the original computer manufacturer, then the CD will refuse to install XP.  The correct thing to do in these cases is to install XP using a genuine system builder/OEM MS XP CDROM, which does not have the SLP technology.  However, when installing, be sure to use the Product Key on the Certificate of Authenticity affixed to the computer, and NOT the Product Key that came with the CD. (Note that retail and Volume License CDs will NOT accept OEM product keys, returning an "invalid product key" error.)  Finally, when installation is complete, do a Telephonic Activation because the OEM PK on the COA will not be accepted by the automated online activation system.  If the automated telephone system also refuses activation, choose the option to speak with an activation rep and explain that you are replacing a defective motherboard and cannot use the manufacturer-supplied recovery CDs.

    One does not "lose their license" for XP if the motherboard becomes defective and has to be replaced.  If the computer owner chooses to use, or because of availability is forced to use, a board that is not a direct or identical replacement, there has to be a mechanism to accommodate these circumstances, and that is why a telephonic activation is authorized.

    Note that if the computer owner decides to replace the motherboard for performance reasons or to add features or new technology, the defective exception is NOT applicable and a new license for XP is required to be purchased."  a clean installation destroys all data on the hard disk, be sure to back up any valuable email, pix, docs, music, etc that you cannot afford to lose.



    Thank you,

    Stephen Holm, MS


    Stephen Holm
    • Marked as answer by Stephen Holm Monday, August 4, 2008 7:19 PM
    Monday, August 4, 2008 7:19 PM
  • javbuff2008,

    If you are perfectly happy with the condition and performance of the installation of XP that is on the current hard disk, then just use a disk imaging utility to generate a disk image and store it on a network share or on an external hard disk drive.  If your computer has a DVD burner you might be able to burn the image to several DVDs.

    Then remove the original disk and replace it with the new disk.

    Rerun the disk imaging software to image the new disk with the old drive's image.

    If you buy a disk at retail, quite often the disk manufacturer includes a free utility that will do this task.  They also have the utility available for download for free at their support site.

    This method will not require that you do a reactivation of XP.

    If the computer is due for a fresh installation of XP (for average users a clean installation every two years is a good maintenance task), first backup and offload your data, then simply remove the old disk and install the new, and use your Dell supplied Operating System Reinstallation CD to do a clean installation of XP.

    You could also purchase an external hard disk drive enclosure, and instead of backing up, remove the original disk and install into the enclosure, then when the new disk is installed and XP is installed, connect the enclosure to the computer and copy your data back to the new disk.  Once all data is copied, reformat the old disk in the enclosure and use it as your storage location for regular backups.

    As long as you use the original Dell CD that came with your computer, your won't have to enter your product key and your computer will automatically reactivate.


    For great advice on all topics XP, visit http://www.annoyances.org/exec/forum/winxp
    Tuesday, August 5, 2008 1:45 PM